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What determines attitudes to immigration in European countries? An analysis at the regional level

Markaki, Yvonni and Longhi, Simonetta (2013) 'What determines attitudes to immigration in European countries? An analysis at the regional level.' Migration Studies, 1 (3). pp. 311-337. ISSN 2049-5838

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Abstract

Different disciplines within the social sciences have produced large theoretical and empirical literatures to explain the determinants of anti-immigration attitudes. We bring together these literatures in a unified framework and identify testable hypotheses on what characteristics of the individual and of the local environment are likely to have an impact on anti-immigration attitudes. While most of the previous literature focuses on the explanation of attitudes at the individual level, we focus on the impact of regional characteristics (the local context). Our aim is to explain why people living in different regions differ in terms of their attitudes towards immigration. We isolate the impact of regions from regressions using individual-level data and explain this residual regional heterogeneity in attitudes with aggregate-level indicators of regional characteristics. We find that regions with a higher percentage of immigrants born outside the EU and a higher unemployment rate among the immigrant population show a higher probability that natives express negative attitudes to immigration. Regions with a higher unemployment rate among natives, however, show less pronounced anti-immigrant attitudes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-immigration attitudes; Europe; immigrants; regional characteristics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 06 May 2014 11:42
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2015 14:46
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/8694

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