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Income inequality and the prevalence of common mental disorders in Britain

Weich, S and Lewis, G and Jenkins, SP (2001) 'Income inequality and the prevalence of common mental disorders in Britain.' British Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (3). pp. 222-227. ISSN 0007-1250

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<jats:sec><jats:title>Background</jats:title><jats:p>It has been hypothesised that the association between greater income inequality and increased mortality is mediated by poor psychosocial health.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Aims</jats:title><jats:p>To test the hypothesis that individuals in regions of Britain with the highest income inequality have a higher prevalence of the common mental disorders, after adjusting for individual income.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Method</jats:title><jats:p>Cross-sectional survey of 8191 adults aged 16–75 in private households in England, Wales and Scotland. The prevalence of common mental disorders was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>The association between income inequality and prevalence of the common mental disorders varied with individual income level. Among persons with the highest incomes, common mental disorders were more frequent in regions with greater income inequality (as indicated by high Gini coefficient) (adjusted OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.05–1.65; <jats:italic>P</jats:italic>=0.02). The opposite was true for those with the lowest incomes.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>Income inequality was associated with worse mental health among the most affluent individuals.</jats:p></jats:sec>

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Social and Economic Research
SWORD Depositor: Elements
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2014 17:06
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 01:06

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