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Making Peace or Preventing It? UN Peacekeeping, Terrorism and Civil War Negotiations

Hinkkainen Elliott, Kaisa and Polo, Sara MT and Reyes, Liana (2020) 'Making Peace or Preventing It? UN Peacekeeping, Terrorism and Civil War Negotiations.' International Studies Quarterly, Online. ISSN 0020-8833

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Abstract

Previous studies have highlighted that United Nations peacekeeping operations are effective at reducing violence during civil wars. But can these operations also change the incentives of the warring parties and lead them to pursue non-violent alternatives? This article provides the first direct test of UN peacekeeping troops’ effectiveness at inducing non-violent engagements, specifically negotiations during civil wars. Our analysis of disaggregated monthly data on peace operations, negotiations, and violence in African conflicts (1989-2009) reveals that sizable deployments of UN military troops, by themselves, are insufficient to foster negotiations, even when they reduce battlefield violence. Instead, the probability of negotiation instances is conditional on rebel tactics. We posit, when rebels engage in terrorism, peacekeeping troops can inadvertently alter the “power to hurt” of the belligerents in favor of rebel groups and create conditions conducive to negotiations. Our results have important implications for research on the effectiveness of both peacekeeping and terrorism and for policy-making.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Government, Department of
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2020 12:36
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2021 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28870

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