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Bayesian Transfer Learning for personalised well-being forecasting from scarce, sporadic observations

Christinaki, Eirini (2021) Bayesian Transfer Learning for personalised well-being forecasting from scarce, sporadic observations. PhD thesis, University of Essex.

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Abstract

The research presented in this dissertation has been conducted within the context of the NEVERMIND project. The main objective of this PhD was to explore and propose novel approaches for addressing the challenges associated with creating personalised models and making predictions in real world health-related applications when training is performed incrementally on scarce sporadic biomedical data. A particular challenge was being able to provide reliable personalised predictions in the early stage of data collection when insufficient data are available for training.The solution proposed in this dissertation is centred on Bayesian Transfer Learning techniques that allowed me to make informed predictions even in such challenging conditions by leveraging information coming from other patients. Firstly, I proposed a non-parametric transfer learning approach, which allowed me to make more accurate predictions about a specific patient by combining models trained on other “donor” patients in proportion to how well these models fit the specific patient’s past observations. Secondly, I developed a parametric transfer learning approach, which incorporated a modified prior that accounts for the knowledge available from all other “donor” patients. Finally, I proposed modified versions of the previous two approaches, where I controlled how much information is borrowed for transfer based on the similarity in emotional profiles between the patient under test and each “donor” patient. The results show that the proposed transfer learning methods not only naturally dealt with the uneven, sporadic data in the dataset but also performed very well even in the hardest forecasting scenarios, such as the case where only seven days of data are available, and the system is required to forecast for the next seven days. In general these approaches produced better-suited models for participants with very few sporadic training samples and performed significantly better than a number of competing models.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, School of
Depositing User: Eirini Christinaki
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 15:55
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2021 11:10
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29568

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