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Entrepreneurship through Bricolage. A Study of Displaced Entrepreneurs at Times of War and Conflict

Kwong, Caleb and Cheung, Cherry and Manzoor, Humera and Ur Rashid, Mehboob (2018) 'Entrepreneurship through Bricolage. A Study of Displaced Entrepreneurs at Times of War and Conflict.' Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. ISSN 0898-5626

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Abstract

War and conflict brings about adverse changes for those who are displaced. How do entrepreneurial individuals respond to such adversity to either set-up, or continue with their existing entrepreneurial endeavours that would improve their own livelihood or that of others who have been affected? Whilst previous studies have found local knowledge, networks and resources to be crucial in the development of ventures in the war and conflict context, alienation from mainstream society within the host location often means that to succeed, those who are displaced require alternative strategies and approaches. Through examining the entrepreneurship ventures of six internally displaced entrepreneurs in Pakistan, our study identifies that entrepreneurial individuals find different ways to adapt to the new order, with both internal and external bricolage becoming the key strategies deployed to either re-establish their previous business(es) or to develop new endeavour(s) in the host location. To compensate for lack of local knowledge, networks and resources, we found that entrepreneurs followed closely their previous paths in their bricolage attempts, relying on reconfigurations of their pre-existing competencies, as well as utilising pre-established and clandestine networks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Entrepreneurship, bricolage, war and conflict, displaced population
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School
Faculty of Social Sciences > Essex Business School > Management Science and Entrepreneurship Group
Depositing User: Elements
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2018 11:52
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 16:15
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/23342

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