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The correlation between reading and mathematics ability at age twelve has a substantial genetic component

Davis, OSP and Band, G and Pirinen, M and Haworth, CMA and Meaburn, EL and Kovas, Y and Harlaar, N and Docherty, SJ and Hanscombe, KB and Trzaskowski, M and Curtis, CJC and Strange, A and Freeman, C and Bellenguez, C and Su, Z and Pearson, R and Vukcevic, D and Langford, C and Deloukas, P and Hunt, S and Gray, E and Dronov, S and Potter, SC and Tashakkori-Ghanbaria, A and Edkins, S and Bumpstead, SJ and Blackwell, JM and Bramon, E and Brown, MA and Casas, JP and Corvin, A and Duncanson, A and Jankowski, JAZ and Markus, HS and Mathew, CG and Palmer, CNA and Rautanen, A and Sawcer, SJ and Trembath, RC and Viswanathan, AC and Wood, NW and Barroso, I and Peltonen, L and Dale, PS and Petrill, SA and Schalkwyk, LS and Craig, IW and Lewis, CM and Price, TS and Donnelly, P and Plomin, R and Spencer, CCA (2014) 'The correlation between reading and mathematics ability at age twelve has a substantial genetic component.' Nature Communications, 5. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Dissecting how genetic and environmental influences impact on learning is helpful for maximizing numeracy and literacy. Here we show, using twin and genome-wide analysis, that there is a substantial genetic component to children,s ability in reading and mathematics, and estimate that around one half of the observed correlation in these traits is due to shared genetic effects (so-called Generalist Genes). Thus, our results highlight the potential role of the learning environment in contributing to differences in a child,s cognitive abilities at age twelve. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Health > Biological Sciences, School of
Depositing User: Jim Jamieson
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2014 15:31
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 17:46
URI: http://repository.essex.ac.uk/id/eprint/11015

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